François Burgat is a political scientist and Emeritus Director of Research at French National Scientific Research Center (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique – CNRS). He was the principal investigator of the European Research Council (ERC) program When Authoritarinism Fails in the Arab World (WAFAW) from 2013 to 2017. He dedicated much of his research to conduct field-based investigation on Islamist movements throughout the Arab world. He has authored Islamism in the shadow of al-Qaeda (U. of Texas Press 2008) and Understanding Political Islam (Manchester University Press, 2019).