Muhammad al-Muhtar al-Shinqiti is an Associate Professor of International Affairs at Qatar University. He earned his Ph.D. in history of religion from Texas Tech University in the US. He has a wide range of academic interests, including: political philosopy, political ethics, philosophy of religion, geopolitics and strategic studies, and he published extensively in Arabic and English on these topics. He published several books, including The Constitutional Crisis of Islamic Civilization and The Crusades’ Impact on Sunni-Shi‘a Relations.